purchasing costs

calculating purchasing costs

To ensure you are aware of the likely costs involved, we have divided the costings into two categories: Professional services and local transaction taxes. 

PROFESSIONAL SERVICE PROVIDERS

This will usually include a lawyer, a surveyor and maybe even a specialised tax consultant or wealth management consultant. Lawyers’ fees are generally around 1% of the agreed property purchase price, however this arrangement takes place between the buyer and the appointed lawyer. A surveyor's fee will depend on the size and type of property to survey and the detailed extension of the survey to be carried out. Generally a typical survey will cost between €400 and €700. A wealth management consultant will depend on the level of wealth managed.

Local Transaction Taxes

IMT

Property Transfer Tax. This tax is levied on the purchaser immediately prior to the signing of the final public deed with a scale from 2% to 8% on properties bought for less than €550.836, which is offset by a fixed deductible value. Properties priced over €550.836 are subject to a flat rate of 6% for a secondary property. This level is € 574.323 for primary residents. Urban building plots are subject to a rate of 6.5%. Rustic plots are subject to a rate of 5% and property with a touristic habitation license will pay a 6.5% IMT. In the event that a property is bought for less than the rateable value, the IMT will be taxed on the higher value (i.e. the rateable value). Please click on this link to view the IMT table.

STAMP DUTY

Paid by the purchaser and levied on the deed at a rate of 0.8% of the deed value.

COST OF DEEDS

This cost has changed significantly over the past couple of years and can depend on which notary the deed is signed in and the level of the property purchase. Our experience has been between €200 - €750 for property less than €800.000 and then anything up to 3.500€ as the value of the purchase increases.

IMI

Municipal Property Tax. IMI is an annual property tax levied on all properties in April, June and September (payment is made in arears). IMI rates vary from council to council and property to property, calculated with an index on year of build, construction area, location and amenities – between 0.2% and 0.5%, for properties which have received the recent re-evaluation process and a maximum of 0.8% for all others.

Within the Loulé Council, this rate is currently at 0.3% of the rateable value. Some exemptions to paying this tax for a certain timescale can apply to purchasers if the property is bought as a primary residence. The IMI is calculated on the rateable value of that property attributed by the tax authorities using the coefficients on the formula VPT = VC x A x Ca x Cl x Cq x Cv


VPT = Rateable value
VC = Value of the build per square meter fixed by the authorities
A = Gross build area
Ca = Registered use of the property, for example commercial or residential
Cl = Location of the property whose coefficient is fixed every three years by the municipality and can vary between 0,4 to 3,5
Cq = Quality and comfort indicators that increase or decrease the value, taking into consideration the number of floors a property has, a swimming pool on the property and even the existence of an elevator.
Cv = Determines the age of the property, the more recent the build the higher the coefficient.

AIMI

The AIMI is an additional municipal tax levied on residential property and plots for construction. An applicable rate of 0.7% is only levied on the VPT which is greater than 600.000€ but less than 1.000.000€. In the event that the rateable value exceeds 1.000.000€ then the tax level applied will increase to 1%. The tax level will only apply to the excess levels.

For example:

  • An individual owning a property with a rateable value of €550,000 will be exempt of the AIMI, and only the standard IMI of 0.3% on the VPT will be applied.
  • An individual owning a property with a rateable value of €850.000 will be charged as follows: 
    • €850.000 – €600.000 = €250.000 x 0.7% = €1.750 AIMI + (€600.000 x 0.3% = €1.800 IMI) AIMI + IMI = €3.550 total tax payable.
  • An individual owning a property with a rateable value of €1.100.000 will be charged as follows:
    • €1.100.000 – €600.000 = €500.000 x 0.7% = €3.500 AIMI + (€600.000 x 0.3% = €1.800 IMI)  AIMI + IMI = €5.300 total tax payable.
  • An individual owning more than one property, whose rateable values combined exceed €600.000 will be taxed based on the same principal as above.
  • Property owned in white listed company structures will be taxed 0.4% on the total rateable value.
  • Property owned by a company registered in a black listed territory will be taxed at 7.5% on both IMI and AIMI values.
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